The Perfection of Islam

"On this day, I have perfected for you your religion, completed My favours upon you and chosen  for you Islam as your way of life." Surah 5, Verse 4

The Everlasting Mercy of the Noble Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

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All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds, and peace and blessings upon the most noble of His prophets, Nabee Muhammad (SAW), his family, his companions and upon everyone who follows them with goodness until the Day of Judgement.

Allah’s purpose for the creation of mankind is that man should worship Him. To assist mankind in this regard Allah sent His prophets as a guide and a form of mercy unto humanity. All the prophets of Allah possessed bravery and determination, but on Muhammad (saw) Allah bestowed the greatest qualities that would make him a worthy leader. Prophet Muhammad (saw) is the prime of Allah’s servants, the best of His creation and the dearest of his servants towards Him.

Allah chose for Muhammad (saw) some of His own attributes thus distinguishing him from the other prophets. Allah named the Noble Prophet as ‘the Merciful’ when he said: ‘ A messenger has indeed come to you, from amongst yourselves. It grieves him that you should suffer, he is very anxious over you and to the believers he is most Kind and Merciful.’

Allah has an abundance of mercy that is specifically for the believers, and Allah has bestowed on the Prophet (saw) a great blessing by making him a mercy unto mankind and creation. Allah says: ‘And We have not sent you but as a mercy to all the worlds.’ ‘The worlds’ refers to man, Jinn, animals, trees, stones and the entire universe; therefore what an honour for Nabee Muhammad (saw)! This characteristic of mercy became manifested in the Prophet (saw) until it dominated his being and led him to excel to the greatest level of excellence. Thus Nabee Muhammad (saw) became a leader to man, a perfect example, a Guide and the greatest messenger to mankind.

This mercy that Allah had placed in the character of the Prophet (saw) manifested itself and impacted on all aspects of his life; it affected his interactions with not only his family and companions, but his enemies and all of creation as well. A few such examples will now be illustrated.

The Mercy of the Prophet (saw) to the Believers

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This mercy was manifested in his dealings with the believing servants of Allah. Prophet Muhammad (saw) was like a ray of grace, kindness and thoughtfulness. His living example of excellence in all facets of life led to the believers trusting him and accepting his message as the final prophet of Allah. This meant that the Prophet (saw) was able to lead them to worship Allah as he should rightfully be worshipped. Through this mercy the Muslims became sincerely affectionate among themselves; they had mercy on each other and took each other as brothers. Therefore, some of the believers were a mercy for others like one body: if one part of the body is injured, the rest of it becomes unstable/imbalanced with pain and fever. Through the abundance of Allah’s mercy, the believers became the most merciful of people over themselves and their families; they managed the harm that the disbelievers inflicted upon them, and bore with patience the insolence of people as a mercy to them.

The Mercy of the Prophet (saw) to all of Mankind

The Prophet’s mercy was not limited to the companions; it encompassed all people. When Allah sent the Angel of the Mountains to crush the mountain over the disbelievers, the prophet interceded by saying: ‘No, perhaps Allah will bring out from their offspring who will worship Allah as One.’ He did not want their destruction and ruin even though they had injured and insulted him and his companions. Such was the mercy of Prophet Muhammad (saw)! The Prophet said to the people: ‘The Most Gracious will have mercy on those who have mercy, so have mercy for those on the earth, and the One in the heavens will have mercy on you.’ The Prophet is also reported to have said: ‘Whoever does not have mercy, will not be shown mercy.’ This is a general call to all humankind: the believer and the disbeliever, male and female, the young and the elderly. Nabee Muhammad (saw) is calling out to all people that this is the mercy of Allah so we should accept it properly and not let it go to waste, else our spiritual side will be wasted.

The Mercy of the Prophet to Small Children

It is narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (saw) was joking with the small children and kissing them while his companions were around and observing him. A man from the Bedouins went to the Prophet (saw) and said: ‘It is strange of you; you are joking with children and kissing them. I have ten children, and I have not kissed one of them!’ The Prophet replied: What can I do for you while Allah has certainly removed mercy from your heart?’ From this it can be concluded that great emphasis was placed on treating children with love, kindness and compassion, because they are the adults of the future and in turn would continue the cycle of love and mercy.

The Mercy of the Prophet (saw) to the Jinn

The Prophet Muhammad (saw) was sent as a messenger to the world of man and jinn; and just as he was a mercy to mankind he was a mercy to the jinns as well. The Prophet (saw) did not harm the jinns, nor did he cause them grief. The prophet (saw) advised his companions to fulfil the needs of the jinn by instructing them to not ‘clean yourselves with bones or dung, for indeed, it is the food of your brothers the Jinn.’

The Prophet (saw) as a Mercy to the Animals

The Prophet Muhammad (saw) came to mankind with a religion that says to them ‘There is not a thing, except that it glorifies His praise.’ This implies that everything in the universe praises Allah, including the animals. The Prophet (saw) admonished people that they should treat animals with kindness and mercy, as this was a means of pleasing the Almighty, and a means of showing gratitude to Him for having provided animals as a form of sustenance to man. It is narrated that a woman entered the fire of jahannam for not feeding a starving and thirsty cat, while a man was granted jannah for climbing down a well to get water for a thirsty dog. Thus the Prophet (saw), through his example and his teachings was a mercy unto the animals.

The Prophet as a Mercy to the Trees and Stones

The Prophet Muhammad (saw) was as merciful to the trees and stones as he was to any other creation. He used to advise his soldiers who were going to battle to not unnecessarily cut down a tree or destroy a nest. It is also narrated that before a mimbar was built for him, the Prophet (saw) would place his hand on the trunk of a cut date palm while he was lecturing. As soon as the mimbar was ready and the Prophet (saw) began using it, the trunk began to cry like a small child. When the Prophet (saw) heard it, he descended from the mimbar, placed his compassionate hand on it and did not take his hand away until the trunk calmed down. This was a great act of kindness and mercy

The Prophet Muhammad (saw) was indeed a distinguished person with an exemplary character. He was honoured with the Almighty’s attribute of mercy for the benefit of mankind and all of Allah’s creation. With this mercy

the Prophet (saw) was able to lead mankind to becoming more tolerant, more caring, more compassionate and more loving. We pray to Allah that all His servants will have mercy on each other, and through this attribute of mercy we become His dearest servants, Ameen.

Adapted from, Dr Jamaal Abu Hassaan, Lecturer of Uloomul Qur’aan and Tafseer, Zarqa Private University, Jordan. January 2007

 

The home of the Best of creation

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The Holy Prophet Muhammad SAW is reported to have said:

".اَللّٰهُمَّ حَبِّبْ إِلَيْنَا الْمَدِيْبَةَ كَحُبِّنَا مَكَّةَ أَوْ أَشَدَّ"

"Oh Allah! Make Al-Madinah beloved to us in the same manner that we love Makkah or more intense."

The beautiful city of Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah is the abode and home of the Most Beloved of Allah, The Holy Prophet SAW. It is the place that his blessed body lies buried, and it is frequently visited by thousands of Muslims every year. Those who go for Umrah and Hajj visit the holy grave of the Beloved Prophet SAW to send salutations upon him and beg for his intercession.

Intro to Hajj

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[الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِيْنَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِيْ وَرَضِيْتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِيْنًا]

"On this day, I have perfected for you your religion, completed My favours upon you and chosen  for you Islam as your way of life." Surah 5, Verse 4

On the day of `Arafah, the year before Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SAW passed away, he delivered his farewell sermon at `Arafah, which combined all the laws and rulings of Islam. Allah SWT revealed the above verse at the same time and the last laws of Hajj also came down.

It is certainly, through Hajj and with Hajj that the Islamic Shari`ah is perfected and the religion completed. A servant can only feel and discover the reality of spirituality during Hajj. That is why Allah SWT says in Surah Al-Hajj, Verse 32:

[وَمَنْ يُّعَظِّمْ شَعَائِرَ اللهِ فَإِنَّهَا مِنْ تَقْوَى الْقُلُوْبِ]

"And whosoever sanctifies the rites of Allah, then indeed it is a sign of the piety of their hearts."

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Muhammad (SAW) the Prophet of our time and all times

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Allah SWT our Creator who knows what is best for us, teaches us in the Quráan how to achieve success in all its elements, this success can be achieved by following the footsteps of the best of creation, Nabi Muhammad SAW. Allah SWT says “You have indeed in the Messenger of Allah a beautiful pattern (of conduct) for any one whose hope is in Allah and the Final Day, and who engages much in the remembrance of Allah.”(33:21). He says in another verse “If you obey him (Muhammad), you shall be on right guidance” (24:54)

Prophet Muhammad SAW is the most ideal role model of all times.

Let us reflect upon the following: The Holy Qurán is the book of guidance which contains everything, it’s the revelation of Allah the All wise, All-knowing, and whoever adheres to the Qurán will certainly attain success. Allah SWT says: “And We have sent down to you (Muhammad) a Book explaining all things, a Guide, a Mercy, and Glad Tidings to Muslims” (16:89).

The beloved Prophet SAW was an embodiment of the Qurán, that is how he was described by his wife Sayeda Aísha who lived with him and knew him very well, when she was asked about the character of the beloved Prophet SAW she answered by saying “His character was the Qurán” (Muslim). It is more significant when this description comes from the wife of the prophet SAW, because the relationship with the family shows a man’s character, it’s possible to pretend or put on a good character with others whom we spend a short time with, but the real test is with our families whom we live with. The Prophet SAW said “The best of you is he who is best to his family, and I am the best of you to my family" (Tirmithi, Ibn Majah).

We are very fortunate that the life of the Prophet SAW has been recorded in its minute details.  Allah SWT promises to preserve His book, “We have, without doubt, sent down the remembrance (Qurán); and We will surely guard it (from corruption).” (15:9). The Sunnah of the Prophet SAW explains the Qurán, that is why the preservation of the Qurán includes the preservation of the Sunnah which is what the Prophet SAW said, did or approved. Allah SWT says, “Nor does he (Muhammad) speak of (his own) desire, it is only a revelation revealed (to him)” (53:3, 4). Furthermore, Allah SWT teaches us about the perfection of the message of the Prophet SAW and how important it is to follow, “And whatsoever the messenger (Muhammad) gives you, take it; and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it)”(59:7).

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Allah SWT perfected the character of His beloved Prophet SAW that we find guidance in all aspects of his life. This guidance is in words and actions. Let us compare between the life of the Prophet Muhammad SAW and some of the other Prophets, peace and blessings be upon them all. This comparison is in no way degrading of the other Prophets and we can find this clearly in the Qurán as Allah SWT says “Those Messengers! We preferred some of them to others; to some of them Allah spoke (directly); others He raised to degrees (of honor)” (2:253). This comparison shows the perfection in the personality of the Prophet SAW. If you study the life of Prophet Eesa A.S, you will not find examples in following him as a husband or a father, on the other hand, there are many examples which show Prophet Muhammad SAW as the most ideal husband, the best father, wise father in law and the most well balanced family man.

The other example is that of Prophet Sulaiman A.S who was a king. You cannot find a role model for a poor man. However, Prophet Muhammad SAW experienced every thing, in poverty he was patient and contented, and in prosperity he was generous and grateful.  In the life of the Prophet SAW we find direction for all sorts of situations; in peace and war, defeat and victory, prosperity and poverty, ease and difficulty and for every experience that a human being can go through.

The perfect model of the beloved Prophet SAW transforms lives. It transformed the life of Abu Bakr, Umar Ibn Al-Khataab, Uthmaan Ibn Afaan, Ali Ibn Abi Talib and all the other companions may Allah be pleased with them. They were the stars around the moon of guidance and mercy. They filled this world with light and they were a great proof of the perfection of the example of the Prophet SAW.   The perfect model of the Prophet SAW continued to transform the lives of all the great Muslim leaders, reformers and scholars who have come before us, and still continues to do so to millions of people around the globe. This is evident in Islam being the fastest growing religion in the world.

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The perfect model of the Prophet SAW was the salvation and solution of all the problems of that time, and the times after him and there is no doubt it is the cure to the challenges we face in this world today. The Prophet SAW is described in Surah Al-Anbiyaa as a mercy to all worlds. He was a true mercy to all around him, if we aim towards being a mercy to Allah’s creation we will indeed solve all problems we face in the modern world starting from global warming, armed conflicts, poverty, immorality, disunity and other challenges which threaten our existence on this earth.

Many Non Muslim personalities spoke highly of the perfect model and character of the Prophet SAW, below are some of the sayings of prominent leaders and writers.

• Mahatma Gandhi said; “I wanted to know the best of the life of one who holds today an undisputed sway over the hearts of millions of mankind.... I became more than ever convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of life. It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self-effacement of the Prophet the scrupulous regard for pledges, his intense devotion to his friends and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission. These and not the sword carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle. When I closed the second volume (of the Prophet's biography), I was sorry there was not more for me to read of that great life. 'Young India,'1924.

• Sir George Bernard Shaw said; “I have studied him - the wonderful man, and in my opinion from being an anti-Christ, he must be called the Savior of Humanity. I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it the much needed peace and happiness. 'The Genuine Islam,' Vol. 1, No. 8, 1936.

• Michael Hart in his book The 100, A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons In History, New York, 1978 said; “My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world’s most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the secular and religious levels…it is probable that the relative influence of Muhammad on Islam has been larger than the combined influence of Jesus Christ and St. Paul on Christianity.....it is this unparalleled combination of secular and religious influence which I feel entitles Muhammad to be considered the most influential single figure in human history.

Oh Allah, we ask you to shower your peace and blessings upon the most beloved Prophet SAW, his family, companions and all those who follow him righteously until the Day of Judgment. Aameen.

by Sheikh Ahmad Abu Ghazaleh

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