Foetal Mysteries

RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam explains that there are three initial stages to the creation of a human in a mother's womb. The first stage is of Nutfah, which refers to the parents' liquids having contact with each other. The second stage is of Alaqah, wherein a clot of blood is formed and Allah Ta'ala houses it securely in the womb. The next stage is of Mudghah, wherein Allah Ta'ala makes it into flesh. At the end of the third stage (Mudghah), an angel comes to the four month old foetus and upon the instruction of Allah Ta'ala, it starts forming the baby's bodily appearance and the child's Rooh enters the body. This occurs 120 days after the parents' liquids have met. Based on instruction from Allah Ta'ala, the angel records the details of child's Rizq, death the deeds he will perform. The angel also notes whether the child will be one of pleasure or displeasure. Allah Ta'ala creates in the child the ability to see and perceive. -Sahih Muslim- Thus by the stage of Mudghah, a new human has been created.

We now look at how each of these attributes, were found in RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam, namely the formation of the body, the Rooh entering the body, the Rizq, deeds, place and time of death, and state of happiness or sadness being recorded.

1. Physical Appearance of RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam

Jibreel Alayhis Salaam said that, I traversed the east and the west of the earth, and I did not see a man better than Muhummud sallAllahu alayhi wasallam, and I did not see a paternal lineage better than Banu Haashim. -Imam Bayhaqi and Abu Nuaym in their Dalaailin Nabuwwa- Haafidh alAsqalani says that this deduction of Jibreel Alayhis Salaam makes it very clear that RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam is the best in all aspects of his physical existence. -Mawahibul Ladunya- We can understand from this that Allah Ta'aala created RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam with the best physical attributes.


2. Rooh of RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam

Imam Ghazzali in a lengthy discussion explains that the Rooh of RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam is directly connected to Allah Ta'aala. This unique nature of his Rooh allows him to make the Ma'rifa of Allah Ta'aala like no other person. -Mishkaatul Anwaar-

3. Rizq of RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam

At first, fasting was almost a full day. Iftaar was at Maghrib, but once one fell asleep, the next fast commenced. During the hot Arabian summer, this meant that fasting could have an effect on a person's health.

Despite these long hours, RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam would keep Nafl fasts for days on end. Some Sahaba radi Allahu anhum followed suit. However RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam advised them to rather keep fast every alternate day or even just three days a month. They said to RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam that you keep continuous fast, and we like to follow that. He sallAllahu alayhi wasallam replied that you are not like me, I receive the nourishment of food and drink. -Masnad Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal-

This means that the blessed body of RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam received Rizq directly from Allah Ta'aala. We receive our Rizq through our earnings, with which we buy food, which we in turn cook, eat and need to digest. Khalif Umar bin Khattab radi Allahu anhu says that in receiving Rizq through food, the food is a veil between us and the Provider. -Kitaab Zuhd- However this veil was removed for RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam and he was able to receive his Rizq directly from Allah Ta'aala.

4. Deeds

Surah Waaqia explains that on the Day of Resurrection, we would be separated into two groups, those on the right and those on the left. Those on the right would be the righteous.

RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam says that he will be on the right and he will be the best of those on the right. Then from amongst those on right, the foremost of the foremost will be chosen and they would be the best of us. Surah Waaqia says that they would be chosen according to their deeds. -Surah Waaqia v 10- In this regards too, RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam says that he will be in this group, known as Saabiqoon asSaabiqoon, and from all of them he will be the best. -Imam Bayhaqi in his Dalaailin Nabuwwa-

As we have seen, Surah Waaqia says that the grading of the Saabiqqon asSaabiqoon is according to their deeds, and RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam says that he would be the best of the Saabiqoon asSaabiqoon. This means that from all of creation, The deeds of RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam would be the most excellent in total and nature.

5. Place and Time of Death

For each of us, the place and time of our death has been fixed by Allah Ta'aala and it is recorded by the angel whilst we are just 4 months in our mother's womb. However for RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam it was different.

During the last day of RasoolAllah's sallAllahu alayhi wasallam final illness, his daughter Sayyidah Faatima radi Allahu anha was at his house. She heard a somebody at the door. The man made Salaam and asked to enter. Sayyidah Faatima radi Allahu anha said to the man may Allah Ta'aala reward you but she politely did not allow him in. After his third Salaam, RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam told Sayyidah Faatima radi Allahu anha that is actually the Angel of Death, so let him in.

RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam asked the Angel of Death if he had come to visit or to take him. The Angel of Death said that he came to visit and that Allah Ta'aala instructed that he can only take away RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam when he sallAllahu alayhi wasallam wants. Jibreel Alayhis Salaam came and he explained that he has opened the door of the sky and of Jannah in anticipation of RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam. The Hoors (heavenly maidens) are all adorned and ready for RasoolAllah's sallAllahu alayhi wasallam reception. And he has arranged the angels in saffs, so that they will stand up sending greetings to RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam. After a while RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam gave permission to the Angel of Death to take hold of him. -Imam Tabraani in Mu'jam alKabeer-

With regards to all of us, our time and place of death is recorded whilst we are in the womb. We have no choice about it, and death pounces upon us unexpectedly. However in the case of RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam, he had to choose his time and place, and all the heavenly beings gave him a grand reception as his soul passed through.

6. Happiness or Sadness

The last thing that the angel records whilst the child is in the womb, is if the child will be one who would be happy or sad. With regards to RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam, the Quran confirms that RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam would be one who would be pleased; happy.

Allah Ta'aala says, And soon your Rabb will give you such abundance that you would be pleased. -alQuran 93:5-

Some say that being happy or sad, refers to whether the person would end up in Paradise or Hell. In this respects too, RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam has been guaranteed his happiness, for Allah Ta'aala has undertaken that none will enter Paradise before RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam. -Imam Tabraani-

These six points are the matters that an angel would record for each baby in it's mother's womb. As we have just discussed above, in each of these six points, Allah Ta'aala has blessed RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam immensely and beyond any other human. After all, he is Allah Ta'ala's most Beloved.

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