The Perfection of Islam

"On this day, I have perfected for you your religion, completed My favours upon you and chosen  for you Islam as your way of life." Surah 5, Verse 4

The Everlasting Mercy of the Noble Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

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All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds, and peace and blessings upon the most noble of His prophets, Nabee Muhammad (SAW), his family, his companions and upon everyone who follows them with goodness until the Day of Judgement.

Allah’s purpose for the creation of mankind is that man should worship Him. To assist mankind in this regard Allah sent His prophets as a guide and a form of mercy unto humanity. All the prophets of Allah possessed bravery and determination, but on Muhammad (saw) Allah bestowed the greatest qualities that would make him a worthy leader. Prophet Muhammad (saw) is the prime of Allah’s servants, the best of His creation and the dearest of his servants towards Him.

Allah chose for Muhammad (saw) some of His own attributes thus distinguishing him from the other prophets. Allah named the Noble Prophet as ‘the Merciful’ when he said: ‘ A messenger has indeed come to you, from amongst yourselves. It grieves him that you should suffer, he is very anxious over you and to the believers he is most Kind and Merciful.’

Allah has an abundance of mercy that is specifically for the believers, and Allah has bestowed on the Prophet (saw) a great blessing by making him a mercy unto mankind and creation. Allah says: ‘And We have not sent you but as a mercy to all the worlds.’ ‘The worlds’ refers to man, Jinn, animals, trees, stones and the entire universe; therefore what an honour for Nabee Muhammad (saw)! This characteristic of mercy became manifested in the Prophet (saw) until it dominated his being and led him to excel to the greatest level of excellence. Thus Nabee Muhammad (saw) became a leader to man, a perfect example, a Guide and the greatest messenger to mankind.

This mercy that Allah had placed in the character of the Prophet (saw) manifested itself and impacted on all aspects of his life; it affected his interactions with not only his family and companions, but his enemies and all of creation as well. A few such examples will now be illustrated.

The Mercy of the Prophet (saw) to the Believers


This mercy was manifested in his dealings with the believing servants of Allah. Prophet Muhammad (saw) was like a ray of grace, kindness and thoughtfulness. His living example of excellence in all facets of life led to the believers trusting him and accepting his message as the final prophet of Allah. This meant that the Prophet (saw) was able to lead them to worship Allah as he should rightfully be worshipped. Through this mercy the Muslims became sincerely affectionate among themselves; they had mercy on each other and took each other as brothers. Therefore, some of the believers were a mercy for others like one body: if one part of the body is injured, the rest of it becomes unstable/imbalanced with pain and fever. Through the abundance of Allah’s mercy, the believers became the most merciful of people over themselves and their families; they managed the harm that the disbelievers inflicted upon them, and bore with patience the insolence of people as a mercy to them.

The Mercy of the Prophet (saw) to all of Mankind

The Prophet’s mercy was not limited to the companions; it encompassed all people. When Allah sent the Angel of the Mountains to crush the mountain over the disbelievers, the prophet interceded by saying: ‘No, perhaps Allah will bring out from their offspring who will worship Allah as One.’ He did not want their destruction and ruin even though they had injured and insulted him and his companions. Such was the mercy of Prophet Muhammad (saw)! The Prophet said to the people: ‘The Most Gracious will have mercy on those who have mercy, so have mercy for those on the earth, and the One in the heavens will have mercy on you.’ The Prophet is also reported to have said: ‘Whoever does not have mercy, will not be shown mercy.’ This is a general call to all humankind: the believer and the disbeliever, male and female, the young and the elderly. Nabee Muhammad (saw) is calling out to all people that this is the mercy of Allah so we should accept it properly and not let it go to waste, else our spiritual side will be wasted.

The Mercy of the Prophet to Small Children

It is narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (saw) was joking with the small children and kissing them while his companions were around and observing him. A man from the Bedouins went to the Prophet (saw) and said: ‘It is strange of you; you are joking with children and kissing them. I have ten children, and I have not kissed one of them!’ The Prophet replied: What can I do for you while Allah has certainly removed mercy from your heart?’ From this it can be concluded that great emphasis was placed on treating children with love, kindness and compassion, because they are the adults of the future and in turn would continue the cycle of love and mercy.

The Mercy of the Prophet (saw) to the Jinn

The Prophet Muhammad (saw) was sent as a messenger to the world of man and jinn; and just as he was a mercy to mankind he was a mercy to the jinns as well. The Prophet (saw) did not harm the jinns, nor did he cause them grief. The prophet (saw) advised his companions to fulfil the needs of the jinn by instructing them to not ‘clean yourselves with bones or dung, for indeed, it is the food of your brothers the Jinn.’

The Prophet (saw) as a Mercy to the Animals

The Prophet Muhammad (saw) came to mankind with a religion that says to them ‘There is not a thing, except that it glorifies His praise.’ This implies that everything in the universe praises Allah, including the animals. The Prophet (saw) admonished people that they should treat animals with kindness and mercy, as this was a means of pleasing the Almighty, and a means of showing gratitude to Him for having provided animals as a form of sustenance to man. It is narrated that a woman entered the fire of jahannam for not feeding a starving and thirsty cat, while a man was granted jannah for climbing down a well to get water for a thirsty dog. Thus the Prophet (saw), through his example and his teachings was a mercy unto the animals.

The Prophet as a Mercy to the Trees and Stones

The Prophet Muhammad (saw) was as merciful to the trees and stones as he was to any other creation. He used to advise his soldiers who were going to battle to not unnecessarily cut down a tree or destroy a nest. It is also narrated that before a mimbar was built for him, the Prophet (saw) would place his hand on the trunk of a cut date palm while he was lecturing. As soon as the mimbar was ready and the Prophet (saw) began using it, the trunk began to cry like a small child. When the Prophet (saw) heard it, he descended from the mimbar, placed his compassionate hand on it and did not take his hand away until the trunk calmed down. This was a great act of kindness and mercy

The Prophet Muhammad (saw) was indeed a distinguished person with an exemplary character. He was honoured with the Almighty’s attribute of mercy for the benefit of mankind and all of Allah’s creation. With this mercy

the Prophet (saw) was able to lead mankind to becoming more tolerant, more caring, more compassionate and more loving. We pray to Allah that all His servants will have mercy on each other, and through this attribute of mercy we become His dearest servants, Ameen.

Adapted from, Dr Jamaal Abu Hassaan, Lecturer of Uloomul Qur’aan and Tafseer, Zarqa Private University, Jordan. January 2007


The home of the Best of creation

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The Holy Prophet Muhammad SAW is reported to have said:

".اَللّٰهُمَّ حَبِّبْ إِلَيْنَا الْمَدِيْبَةَ كَحُبِّنَا مَكَّةَ أَوْ أَشَدَّ"

"Oh Allah! Make Al-Madinah beloved to us in the same manner that we love Makkah or more intense."

The beautiful city of Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah is the abode and home of the Most Beloved of Allah, The Holy Prophet SAW. It is the place that his blessed body lies buried, and it is frequently visited by thousands of Muslims every year. Those who go for Umrah and Hajj visit the holy grave of the Beloved Prophet SAW to send salutations upon him and beg for his intercession.

Hajj: The perfection of Islam

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[الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِيْنَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِيْ وَرَضِيْتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِيْنًا]

"On this day, I have perfected for you your religion, completed My favours upon you and chosen  for you Islam as your way of life." Surah 5, Verse 4

On the day of `Arafah, the year before Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SAW passed away, he delivered his farewell sermon at `Arafah, which combined all the laws and rulings of Islam. Allah SWT revealed the above verse at the same time and the last laws of Hajj also came down.

It is certainly, through Hajj and with Hajj that the Islamic Shari`ah is perfected and the religion completed. A servant can only feel and discover the reality of spirituality during Hajj. That is why Allah SWT says in Surah Al-Hajj, Verse 32:

[وَمَنْ يُّعَظِّمْ شَعَائِرَ اللهِ فَإِنَّهَا مِنْ تَقْوَى الْقُلُوْبِ]

"And whosoever sanctifies the rites of Allah, then indeed it is a sign of the piety of their hearts."


Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah RA reports that Rasoolullah SAW said:

[مَنْ حَجَّ فَلَمْ يَرْفُثْ وَلَمْ يَفْسُقْ رَجَعَ كَيَوْمَ وَلَدَتْهُ أُمَّهٗ]

"Whosoever performs Hajj and does not behave in an obscene manner nor does he leave the obedience of Allah, he returns like he was on the day when his mother gave birth to him." Agreed upon by both Imams Al-Bukhari and Muslim RA.


This means that he does not say or do anything contrary to the commands of Allah SWT and His Beloved Prophet SAW, nor does he commit any sin or disobey Allah SWT. If he fulfils this, then he returns from his Hajj as pure as a new born baby, without any sins and with a clean slate. It is noteworthy here that this is only for the minor sins; as he has to seek pardon from Allah SWT for the major sins and from his fellow man for any wrongs he may have done to that person.

Imam Al-Bukhari RA also narrates on the authority of Sayyidah `Aa-ishah RA, the Mother of the Believers that she said:

يَا رَسُوْلَ اللهِ، نَرَى الْجِهَادَ أَفْضَلَ الْأَعْمَالِ، أَفَلَا نُجَاهِدُ؟ قَالَ: لَا، لٰكِنَّ أَفْضَلَ الْجِهَادِ ]


[حَجٌّ مَبْرُوْرٌ

"Oh Messenger of Allah; we consider Jihaad as the best of deeds, should we not carry out Jihaad? He replied: No; but the best Jihaad is a Hajj that is accepted by Allah."


In order for a Hajj to be righteous and accepted, it has to be entirely free from sin. When Imam Al-Hasan RA was enquired about a Hajj that is accepted he replied: "For a servant to return turning away from the life of this world, not attached to it, and desiring only the Hereafter." This is the meaning of the hadeeth:


كُنْ فِي الدُّنْيَا كَأَنَّكَ غَرِيْبٌ ]

[أَوْ عَابِرُ سَبِيْلٍ


"Live in this world as if you are a stranger or just someone passing through."

Narrated by Imam Al-Bukhari on the authority of Sayyiduna `Abdullah Ibn `Umar RA.

Indeed, Sayyiduna `Abdullah Ibn `Umar RA used to say: "When you go to sleep at night then do not wait for the morning, and when you get up in the morning then do not wait for the evening. And take from your health for your sickness and from your life for your death."

Imam Ahmad Ibn Hajar Al-`Asqalani RA states that the stranger in this world is the one who does not have a place from which he seeks refuge or tranquillity; and the one passing through always goes from one place to another. Therefore, we have to continue walking forwards in our journey to Allah SWT and not delay or stop, otherwise we will perish."

Furthermore, life is not free of health and sickness, and thus the one who is healthy should benefit from it, as he will not know the value of that health until he loses it. Sayyiduna `Abdullah Ibn `Abbaas RA reports that Rasoolullah SAW said:


اِغْتَنِمْ خَمْسًا قَبْلَ خَمْسٍ: شَبَابَكَ قَبْلَ هَرَمِكَ، وَصِحَّتَكَ قَبْلَ سَقَمِكَ، وَغِنَاكَ قَبْلَ فَقْرِكَ]

[وَفِرَاغَكَ قَبْلَ شُغُلِكَ، وَحَيَاتِكَ قَبْلَ مَوْتِكَ

"Take benefit from five things before five things: Your youth before your old age, your health before you are ill, your wealth before you are in poverty, your free time before you are occupied, and your life before your death." - Narrated by Imam Al-Haakim in Al-Mustadrak.

Muhammad (SAW) the Prophet of our time and all times

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Allah SWT our Creator who knows what is best for us, teaches us in the Quráan how to achieve success in all its elements, this success can be achieved by following the footsteps of the best of creation, Nabi Muhammad SAW. Allah SWT says “You have indeed in the Messenger of Allah a beautiful pattern (of conduct) for any one whose hope is in Allah and the Final Day, and who engages much in the remembrance of Allah.”(33:21). He says in another verse “If you obey him (Muhammad), you shall be on right guidance” (24:54)

Prophet Muhammad SAW is the most ideal role model of all times.

Let us reflect upon the following: The Holy Qurán is the book of guidance which contains everything, it’s the revelation of Allah the All wise, All-knowing, and whoever adheres to the Qurán will certainly attain success. Allah SWT says: “And We have sent down to you (Muhammad) a Book explaining all things, a Guide, a Mercy, and Glad Tidings to Muslims” (16:89).

The beloved Prophet SAW was an embodiment of the Qurán, that is how he was described by his wife Sayeda Aísha who lived with him and knew him very well, when she was asked about the character of the beloved Prophet SAW she answered by saying “His character was the Qurán” (Muslim). It is more significant when this description comes from the wife of the prophet SAW, because the relationship with the family shows a man’s character, it’s possible to pretend or put on a good character with others whom we spend a short time with, but the real test is with our families whom we live with. The Prophet SAW said “The best of you is he who is best to his family, and I am the best of you to my family" (Tirmithi, Ibn Majah).

We are very fortunate that the life of the Prophet SAW has been recorded in its minute details.  Allah SWT promises to preserve His book, “We have, without doubt, sent down the remembrance (Qurán); and We will surely guard it (from corruption).” (15:9). The Sunnah of the Prophet SAW explains the Qurán, that is why the preservation of the Qurán includes the preservation of the Sunnah which is what the Prophet SAW said, did or approved. Allah SWT says, “Nor does he (Muhammad) speak of (his own) desire, it is only a revelation revealed (to him)” (53:3, 4). Furthermore, Allah SWT teaches us about the perfection of the message of the Prophet SAW and how important it is to follow, “And whatsoever the messenger (Muhammad) gives you, take it; and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it)”(59:7).


Allah SWT perfected the character of His beloved Prophet SAW that we find guidance in all aspects of his life. This guidance is in words and actions. Let us compare between the life of the Prophet Muhammad SAW and some of the other Prophets, peace and blessings be upon them all. This comparison is in no way degrading of the other Prophets and we can find this clearly in the Qurán as Allah SWT says “Those Messengers! We preferred some of them to others; to some of them Allah spoke (directly); others He raised to degrees (of honor)” (2:253). This comparison shows the perfection in the personality of the Prophet SAW. If you study the life of Prophet Eesa A.S, you will not find examples in following him as a husband or a father, on the other hand, there are many examples which show Prophet Muhammad SAW as the most ideal husband, the best father, wise father in law and the most well balanced family man.

The other example is that of Prophet Sulaiman A.S who was a king. You cannot find a role model for a poor man. However, Prophet Muhammad SAW experienced every thing, in poverty he was patient and contented, and in prosperity he was generous and grateful.  In the life of the Prophet SAW we find direction for all sorts of situations; in peace and war, defeat and victory, prosperity and poverty, ease and difficulty and for every experience that a human being can go through.

The perfect model of the beloved Prophet SAW transforms lives. It transformed the life of Abu Bakr, Umar Ibn Al-Khataab, Uthmaan Ibn Afaan, Ali Ibn Abi Talib and all the other companions may Allah be pleased with them. They were the stars around the moon of guidance and mercy. They filled this world with light and they were a great proof of the perfection of the example of the Prophet SAW.   The perfect model of the Prophet SAW continued to transform the lives of all the great Muslim leaders, reformers and scholars who have come before us, and still continues to do so to millions of people around the globe. This is evident in Islam being the fastest growing religion in the world.


The perfect model of the Prophet SAW was the salvation and solution of all the problems of that time, and the times after him and there is no doubt it is the cure to the challenges we face in this world today. The Prophet SAW is described in Surah Al-Anbiyaa as a mercy to all worlds. He was a true mercy to all around him, if we aim towards being a mercy to Allah’s creation we will indeed solve all problems we face in the modern world starting from global warming, armed conflicts, poverty, immorality, disunity and other challenges which threaten our existence on this earth.

Many Non Muslim personalities spoke highly of the perfect model and character of the Prophet SAW, below are some of the sayings of prominent leaders and writers.

• Mahatma Gandhi said; “I wanted to know the best of the life of one who holds today an undisputed sway over the hearts of millions of mankind.... I became more than ever convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of life. It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self-effacement of the Prophet the scrupulous regard for pledges, his intense devotion to his friends and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission. These and not the sword carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle. When I closed the second volume (of the Prophet's biography), I was sorry there was not more for me to read of that great life. 'Young India,'1924.

• Sir George Bernard Shaw said; “I have studied him - the wonderful man, and in my opinion from being an anti-Christ, he must be called the Savior of Humanity. I believe that if a man like him were to assume the dictatorship of the modern world he would succeed in solving its problems in a way that would bring it the much needed peace and happiness. 'The Genuine Islam,' Vol. 1, No. 8, 1936.

• Michael Hart in his book The 100, A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons In History, New York, 1978 said; “My choice of Muhammad to lead the list of the world’s most influential persons may surprise some readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the secular and religious levels…it is probable that the relative influence of Muhammad on Islam has been larger than the combined influence of Jesus Christ and St. Paul on is this unparalleled combination of secular and religious influence which I feel entitles Muhammad to be considered the most influential single figure in human history.

Oh Allah, we ask you to shower your peace and blessings upon the most beloved Prophet SAW, his family, companions and all those who follow him righteously until the Day of Judgment. Aameen.

by Sheikh Ahmad Abu Ghazaleh

Intro to Hajj

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[الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِيْنَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِيْ وَرَضِيْتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِيْنًا]

"On this day, I have perfected for you your religion, completed My favours upon you and chosen  for you Islam as your way of life." Surah 5, Verse 4

On the day of `Arafah, the year before Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SAW passed away, he delivered his farewell sermon at `Arafah, which combined all the laws and rulings of Islam. Allah SWT revealed the above verse at the same time and the last laws of Hajj also came down.

It is certainly, through Hajj and with Hajj that the Islamic Shari`ah is perfected and the religion completed. A servant can only feel and discover the reality of spirituality during Hajj. That is why Allah SWT says in Surah Al-Hajj, Verse 32:

[وَمَنْ يُّعَظِّمْ شَعَائِرَ اللهِ فَإِنَّهَا مِنْ تَقْوَى الْقُلُوْبِ]

"And whosoever sanctifies the rites of Allah, then indeed it is a sign of the piety of their hearts."

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The Glorious Message of Hajj

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All Praise belongs only to Almighty Allah Azza Wajjal Who has blessed some with happiness, and redued others to destitution; Who hath brought some to death, and others to life; Who hath brought some things into existence, and other things He brought to naught; Who hath created life from an emitted clot, and then set Himself apart from His Creation through His Attributes of independence (Ghina) and endued some of His servants with excellence, enriching with His Blessings those who toil and labour, and withholding His rewards from those who are indolent and languid.

May His everlasting Peace and Blessings be upon His Beloved Nabee Muhammad Ibn Abdullah Rahmatul Liel Ala'meen Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam. Alhumdoelillah! Once again the Supreme Will of Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala has brought together the faithful in the home of Tawhid and the abode of Divine Mercy and munificence, summoning them to the Holy Ka'bah. Once again, the celestial call of verse 27 of Surah Al-Hajj is echoed all across the world:

"Proclaim among mankind the Hajj"

This proclamation has overcome the physical as well as the imposed distances that separate the Muslim Ummah from one another, pulling a galaxy of hearts that throb with one faith, Muhabbat, and a single yearning towards the centre of the Unity of Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala and the unity of the Ummah of His Beloved Nabee Muhammad Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam. For many years, pagan ignorance and enmity have endeavoured to cut off this great Islamic family from its roots. It is a miracle of Hajj that the intellectual, emotional, and religious bonds between the Muslim Ummah have remained unbroken and their mutual influences have continued on an ascending course. Although the secrets and mysteries of Hajj are greater than what can be expressed, there are prominent characteristics d to break the mutual bonds of brotherhood based on faith. And, yet, every year, the duty of Hajj has revived the spirit of Tawhid and unity within this ancient noble family. Every year new buds that sprout - in a greater number than the year before, bear the good news of a new spring of religious life, Imaan, and Islamic love and fraternal feelings, thus undoing the work of the enemy.

that are visible to every discerning eye even at a first glance. The Hajj is the only religious rite wherein Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala has summoned every individual Muslim, that is, everyone who has the means and the ability - to a single location from all over the Doonya, drawing him or her out of the solitude of homes and the places of worship during certain known days, and linking the individuals together in the course of various movements and pauses and collective rites of Ibadah as declared in verse 199 of Surah Al-Baqara:

"Then march on from where the people march on, and pray for Allah's forgiveness. Allah is All-Forgiving, All Compassionate."

In the course of these outward collective rites, the ultimate goal is the remembrance of Almighty Allah Tabaraqa Wata'ala, which is something inward and performed within the innermost recesses of the heart as pointed out to us in verse 28 of Surah Al-Hajj:

"That they may mention Allah's Name on days well known over such beasts of the flock as He has provided them: So eat thereof, and feed the poor."

Each and every act of performing Hajj are clear and eloquent lessons in purposeful, collective, and conscious movements to a Muslim in his or her journey in the orbit of Tawhid and through the arena of life around only one single centre - Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala. Life in the mirror of Hajj is a perpetual movement, or, rather, a motion involving perpetual becoming towards the Glorious Creator and Sustainer of the heavens and earth. Hajj is a living and everlasting practical lesson which, if learnt intelligently, can direct the conduct of our life in practice and shape it. This great global gathering of the Ummah is held every year so that in its atmosphere of Muhabbat, solidarity and understanding, and the air of Almighty Allah Azza Wajjal's remembrance, every Muslim may find the path and direction through life and then return back to his and her loved ones and homeland.

Year after year others will come and learn, find and return, to speak and to act, to listen, think and contemplate; that, ultimately, the entire Muslim Ummah may attain what Almighty Allah's Beloved - Rahmathul Liel Ala'meen Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam and the Din of Al Islam have taught them: to always keep in one's view the great panorama of the life of the Ummah of Islam. This great panorama of the life of the Ummah of Islam manifests itself so much so that one is able to see beyond national, racial, ethnic, and tribal frontiers; to examine the depths of one's own existence and to learn the conduct, the path and the direction of a life worthy of a Muh'min; and to do all this in the light of the remembrance of our Glorious Creator and Sustainer.

DSC0000147This is the refreshing spring of consciousness that in Hajj, every year gushes forth in the Divine Sanctuary for the benefit of the great multitude of Hujjaj, and this plenteous and perpetual source of guidance can satiate everyone who open their hearts and minds to receive its limpid abundance. Hajj is a manifestation of the unity and solidarity of Muslims. The fact that Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala has called all Muslims to assemble at a certain place at a certain time and to perform certain rites and movements that symbolize coexistence, harmony and discipline, and to assemble together for several days and nights, its first salient impact is to infuse each one of them with a feeling of love, solidarity and communal unity.

The annual Hajj with its sacred rites, rituals and places, must revive the spirit of unity, oneness and greatness in all the Muslims of the world and forge a single united Ummah out of the different nations and tribes and then lead that single united Ummah into the secure valley of exclusive service of Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala and prepare the ground for the realization of the words of our Glorious Creator and Sustainer in verse 92 of Surah Al-Anbiyaa:

"Verily, this Ummah of yours is a single Ummah and I am your Lord, so serve and worship Me."

The Hajj of Nabee Ebrahim Alayhis Salatu Wasallam is the same as the Hajj of our Beloved Nabee Muhammad Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam wherein the movement of Tawhid and unity is the driving spirit of all the rites and ceremonies. It is a Hajj that is a source of Baraka'h and guidance and is the main support of the life and strength of the one single united Ummah. It is a Hajj that possesses abundant benefits and is rich with the remembrance of Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala, a Hajj wherein the Muslim nations get a concrete feeling of being part of a united world-wide Muslim Ummah and are relieved from feelings of weakness, impotence and self-alienation through an invigorating sense of Muhabbat, brotherhood and fraternal closeness with other nations.

There have been attempts, in the past as well as in the present era, to project the Hajj as a religious duty on an individual character, wherein everyone's concern is his or her own worship and prayer, to say nothing of those victims of ignorance and neglect who view the Hajj as a kind of commercial and sight-seeing trip. However, with its salient features, which are not to be found in any other Islamic rite, the Hajj is far above the narrow conceptions of the former and the stale and erroneous notions of the latter group.The true meaning of Hajj is to discover the significance and worth of the great duty to the House of Almighty Allah Azza Wajjal. The Hajj is a manifestation of Tawhid (monotheism) and the Ka'bah is the home of Tawhid.

The repetitive mention of 'remembrance of Allah' (Dhik'rullah) in the noble verses related to Hajj, indicates the presence in this Sanctuary should have the blessed result of wiping out the traces of every agent aside from Almighty Allah Rabbul Ala'meen from the mind and conduct of Muslims. The traces of the various forms of Shirk must be wiped out from their life. In its surroundings, the axis and focus of all movement is Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala. The Tawaf around the Holy Ka'bah, the Sa'ee between Safa and Marwa, the (Rami) pelting of Shaythaan at the Jamarats, the Wuqoof at Arafat and all other Divine rites involved in the Hajj - each of them symbolizes, in its own way, attraction towards none other than Almighty Allah Rabbul Ala'meen.

This is the sincere creed of our beloved father Nabee Ebrahim Alayhi Salatu Wasallam the great idol breaker and herald of Tawhid who stands at the apex of history. Shirk does not always have a single form. The idols are not always images of stone, wood and metal. The Baitullah and the Hajj must serve to identify and negate Shirk in its specific contemporary forms in all ages as well as identify the idols and false deities and their specific manifestations. Today, of course, the idols of Lat, Manat and Uzza are no longer there, but their place has been taken by the more dangerous idols of imperialist power and wealth and the idols of pagan, domineering, and anti-Islamic systems whose influence fills the entire atmosphere of the life of Muslims all over the world.

The Hajj and the great congregation around the House of Tawhid should negate these manifestations of Shirk and warn the Muslims against them. The Hajj in this clear and unambiguous sense has been considered the highest platform for the declaration of Bara'ah with the Musrikin and it is the day of the Greater Hajj (Day of Arafat) that has been assigned by Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala for the declaration of Bara'ah with the Mushrikin on His Own behalf and that of His Beloved Nabee Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam for Almighty Allah has made this crystal clear in verse 3 of Surah At-Tauba:

"And an announcement from Allah and His Messenger, to the people

(assembled) on the Day of the Great Pilgrimage, - that Allah and His

Messenger dissolve (treaty) obligations with the pagans. If you repent,

that will be better for you; but if you turn your backs, know that you

cannot frustrate Allah. And give thou good tidings to the unbelievers

of a painful punishment."

The call of Bara'ah that the Hujjaj make during Hajj is a call for the condemnation of imperialism and its agents who, regrettably, exercise a powerful influence over Muslim countries. By imposing a pagan culture, polity and way of life over Muslim societies, they have shattered the practical basis of Tawhid in the life of Muslims and involved them with the worship of non-god. Their allegiance to Tawhid is purely a verbal and nominal one and there is no trace of the spirit of Tawhid in their lives. The mysteries and secrets underlying Hajj are much more than what I have indicated here, and reflection on these secrets, all of which are meant to revive the Islamic personality of the Muslim individual and society - and to revive the struggle against the agents hostile to it, opens up a new horizon before the pilgrim and draws him or her towards a world of relentless effort and dynamism.

The primary duty of each and ever Hujjaj is to reflect upon these secrets and to exchange views with other Muslims from all over the world in order to find clues and solutions to solving problems facing and confronting the global Muslim Ummah. Is it not the purpose of Islam and its luminous laws to administer and guide the material and spiritual affairs of human life? Is it not the case that religiosity and politics are inextricably united in the Islamic ethos? Today when the Muslim Ummah are once again awakening and rising up to the task of struggling for the sake of Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala, the aroma of liberty, independence and return to Islam and to the Most Holy and Glorious Qur'an and to the Sunnah of Almighty Allah's Beloved Nabee Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam has filled the atmosphere in many Islamic countries.

It is essential, more than ever before, that we, as a united Ummah, strenghten our bonds with our luminous and miraculous past, with the first era of Islamic struggle and Qiyam, Ruku and Sujood for the sake of none other than our Glorious Creator - Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala. We must begin to examine the tools that were created for us. As Muslims, we must become aware of other people defining for us our reality. We must be able to detach ourselves from man-made concepts of right and wrong, good and evil, individuality and equality. In order to see our problem objectively, and define our struggle, we must elevate our consciousness above the temporal concepts found in man-made documents.

Beloved Ummah of Almighty Allah's Beloved! Only by becoming aware of the Sacred Source of Legislation can we understand for what goals we should be struggling. As the 'favoured Ummah' - let us seek to implement Divine Justice. Let us struggle for what Almighty Allah Azza Wajjal has commanded. That, my most beloved brothers and sisters in Islam is our purpose in life. That is the true reality. And Almighty Allah knows best.

Imam Abdul Hameed