He was born in 1890 and was the eldest son of Hazrath Ahmad Qadi Siddiqi RA and Kulsoom RA, and the eldest brother on Imam Abdul Kariem Kagee RA.
He married the youngest daughter of Hazrath Soofie Saheb RA. He performed Hajj, together with Moulana Abdul Latief Qadi RA in 1911, and pursued his studies for 4 years in Al-Madinatul Munawwarah. He was then conferred khilafat in the Edroosi Silsilah. Imam Abdus Samad was an outstanding Qari (reciter of the Holy Qur'aan) and taught many students, including the late Imam Ahmad Karjiker of Grassy Park Masjid.