Ramadan Karim

Generosity during Ramadan

Rasulullah SAW said, 'O people!, if anyone amongst you arranges for iftar (meal at sunset) for any believer, Allah will

reward him as if he had freed a slave, and Allah will forgive him his sins. A companion asked: "but not all of us have the

means to do so". The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasalaam) replied: Keep yourself away from Hell-fire though it may

consist of half a date or even some water if you have nothing else'.

Ramadan Message

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Assalamu Alaykum

All praises are due to the Almighty Allah (SWA) for His infinite blessings and mercy. May His peace and blessing be upon

the Holy Prophet, Nabi Muhammad (PBUH), his companions, his family and followers.


As we reach the dawn of a very blessed month of Ramadaan, the Habibia Soofie Mosque Committee, on behalf of the

Habibia Soofie Trust and the Imaamat, wishes you and your family, and all Muslim communities around the world a

very spiritual RAMADAAN KAREEM.


May the Almighty Allah bless you with the opportunity to take full advantage of His mercy, blessing and generosity

during the month of Ramadaan. We encourage you to fill your time in His remembrance and Ibaadat, extend continuous

Durood Shareef on the Holy Prophet, Nabi Muhammad (PBUH), join us for Taraweeh and Thikr, spend time with your

families, visit the graves of your beloved deceased and immerse yourself in the blessings of the Ramadaan.


Please also remember the poor especially during this time and give generously to those

who are in need of basic sustenance and support. The Habibia Youth Forum is

maintaining the annual "Zammilooni" Blanket Drive for the second year now. They are

currently running collections of a R 100 per blanket and food parcel, which will all go

towards the underpriviledged. Please support them generously by contributing to this



We also encourage all Musallis to make continuous dua for all the Muslims that are

suffering in Syria, Palestine, Egypt, Burma and Palestine, North Africa, and all over the globe. May

the Almighty Allah ease their pain and release them from all forms of oppression and



Jazakum Allah Khairan and Ramadaan Kareem to all.

Ramadan: The month of abundant blessings

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All praise is due to Allah, Lord, Cherisher and Sustainer of the universe; and peace and salutations upon the Choicest of His creation,

Sayyiduna Rasulullah Muhammad SAW, and upon his noble Ahlul Bayt and Sahaabah RA.

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah RA reports: "The Holy Prophet SAW used to give his companions glad tidings by saying: "Indeed, the month of

Ramadan has come to you. It is a month full of blessings, and Allah has prescribed upon you to fast during the month. The

doors of the gardens are open in it, the doors of the Fire are close and the devils are chained. In it there is a night more

virtuous than one thousand months, and whosoever is denied its blessings the mercy of Allah is prohibited for him."

Narrated by Imam Ahmad RA

Every year, the blessed month of Ramadaan comes and goes, but we do not grasp the opportunity in the way that we should. Few are

those who really obtain its full blessings and few are those who are spiritually enriched. Just as it is important for us to observe the fast of

this month, at the same time we have to realise that fasting is an `Ibaadah that is spiritual more than physical, and it has been prescribed

for us to attain consciousness of Allah SWT and gain closer to Him.

Imam Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali RA beautifully states in poetry in Lataa'if Al-Ma`aarif:

Ramadaan, the field of cultivation for the servants of Allah has come

In order to purify their hearts from corruption

Therefore, give it its due rights in your sayings and actions

And store away your provisions for your return to Allah.

Ramadaan is the ideal opportunity to improve ourselves and awaken from our negligence and heedlessness. Fasting is a shield that protects

us as long we do not damage it, and it is an act of patience and perseverance. That is why it is the only act for which the reward is not

limited to 10 times or even 700 times, but Allah alone knows its full reward.

Ramadaan is the month for us to make a determined resolution to observe and enjoin what is good, abstain from and forbid what is evil. It

is the best time of the year for us to plant strong roots and sincerely become embodiments of sacrifice and benevolence. Sayyiduna

Salmaan Al-Farisee RA reports that Rasoolullah SAW said: "Whosoever does one voluntary act of good, will get the reward of

doing an obligatory act in any other part of the year. And whosoever does one obligatory act, he will get the reward of

doing 70 obligatory acts in any other part of the year."

The blessings that the holy month of Ramadaan contains cannot be counted. It is up to us to put the utmost efforts in everything we do

during this month, so that we can progress further in our journey towards Allah and the Hereafter. 

Sayyidah Khadijah Al-Kubra RA- Wisaal 10th Ramadaan

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Sayyidah Khadija radi Allahu anha was a very successful businessperson. The Makkans would trade by sending out commercial caravans to neighbouring lands. It is said that half of any caravan was goods belonging to Sayyidah Khadija radi Allahu anha. 
She used trade agents to sell her goods. In return, the agent would take a share of the profit. To this end, she entered into a business venture with RasoolAllah sallAllahu Alayhi wasallam. 
When Nabi sallAllahu ayhi wasallam went on the business trip on behalf Sayyidah Khadijah radi Allahu anha, her servant accompanied him. The servant noticed that whenever Nabi SallAllahu Alayhi Wasallam went to pass urine, etc the trees would move to cover him; giving him privacy. A Jew notice the Nabi sallAllahu alayhi wasallam and told the servant that this is the final Messenger. On their way back, in the midst of the Arabian desert, an Angel shaded Nabi sallAllahu alayhi wasallam using fabric. The servant mentioned all this to Sayyidah Khadijah who proposed marriage to RasoolAllah sallAllahu alayhi wasallam, either via her Father or her Cousin. Nabi sallAllahu alayhi wasallam accepted and at the age of 25 he married her. -Tareekh Tabari- 
Thus the reason she married RasoolAllah sallAllahu Alayhi wasallam was that she recognised that he was the final Nabi and it was just a matter of time before he would announce his Nabuwwa. 
The 10th of Shahru Ramadhaan marks the Wisaal of Sayyidah Khadija radi Allahu anha, the first of the Pure Wives of RasoolAllah sallAllahu Alayhi wasallam.  Whilst RasoolAllah sallAllahu Alayhi wasallam was married to her, he did not enter nikah with a second wife.  
During the reign of Hadrath Ameer Muawiyya radi Allahu Anhu, he made the house of Sayyidah Khadija a Masjid and he decorated it with precious stones. -Tareekh Tabari.
Courtesy of Islam.Southafrica

Welcome, Oh Blessed Month of Ramadan!

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All praise is due to Allah, Lord, Creator, Nourisher and Sustainer of the worlds. Peace and salutations upon His Most Beloved, the Choicest of His creation, Sayyiduna Wa Moulana Rasoolullah SAW; and upon all his pure household RA, companions RA and those who follow in righteousness.

Once again; Allah SWT has afforded us, through His infinite Grace and Mercy, to find ourselves on the dawn of the holy month of Ramadaan. We beseech His forgiveness and pardon, and ask Him to grant us the opportunity to observe the holy month of Ramadan and everyday of our lives, in a way that will take us closer to Him.

Ramadan, the month of immense blessings, is the month of patience and perseverance. It is given this name because it burns ones sins away, and therefore, the one who observes it’s fasting correctly to the best of his ability, is free from sins like he was on the day when he was born. it is undoubtedly, the greatest month of the year, and being such, according to the Hadith of our Beloved Prophet SAW, “Whosoever does an a voluntary act during it is like one who has done a compulsory act during any other time of the year, and whosoever does a compulsory act, is like the one who does 70 compulsory acts during any other time of the year.” Charity during this month is the best of charities and a `Umrah during this month is equal to a Hajj.

We are thus, encouraged and inspired to follow the Sunnah of our Illustrious Master, Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SAW in every aspect and moment, so that we can attain eternal success and happiness. With these few words, Habibia Soofie Saheb Masjid wishes all Muslims, a beautiful month of Ramadaan.

Ramadaan Kareem, Ramadaan Mubarak

Assalaamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakaatuhu

Moulana Goolam Qutboodien Kagee


Watch This!

Taraweeh: "20 Raka'ats or 8?" Clarified!

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Whilst Muslims across the globe eagerly anticipate the imminent arrival of the exalted month of Ramadhaan in order that they may enjoy a spiritually motivating journey in the quest to gain the pleasure of Allah Ta Aala , there are those who prepare to set course for an altogether different route. A route which will spark the flames of controversy within the Muslim ranks.

South African Muslims are by no means strangers to controversy in this blessed month. This is due to the fact that only in the month of Ramadhaan, do we begin to realize just how many Muslims there are out there. For eleven months they remain like bears in hibernation, and suddenly adopt a 'Ramadhaan Beard', 'Ramadhaan Dress code’, 'Ramadhaan Code of conduct', etc. These are the ever elusive 'Ramadhaan Muslims'. Only in Ramadhaan do we become conscious of 'Halaal' & 'Haraam'. Hence the circulation of the 'haraam' debacle

This is the opportune moment for those who are hell-bent on causing chaos in the Ummah! It is for this reason that we find a number of controversial issues surface mainly in the month of Ramadhaan.

This essay will (insha Allah) aim to shed light on a controversy which has wreaked havoc for Muslims in most of the Arab world, and the west as well. It is undoubtedly a controversy which has unsuspectingly crept into South Africa by covert means, and is destroying the very ambience of the month Ramadhaan. I refer to the matter pertaining to the 'Night Prayer' of Ramadhaan, Salaatut Taraaweeh!

So? What is the controversy?

For approximately 1420yrs, Mulsims have been praying their Taraaweeh Salaah with congregation in 20 Rakaats with utmost certainty. Until now...a group of misguided Muslims who have, either a very shallow understanding of hadith, or are intentionally providing calculated misinformation to the Muslims by claiming that the Taraaweeh prayer is only 8 Rakaats.

The Taraaweeh prayer in the current format of 20 Rakaats has always been the Ijmaa’ (consensus) of the Ulama for centuries.

Prior to any form of rebuttal (which will come in the form of a series of objective questions), we must ensure that all readers are fully aware of the concept of Taraweeh as it has been practiced from the era of the righteously guided companions (radhiyallahu anhum ajma'een), till today.

If we are to conduct a word search for the word 'Taraweeh' from the blessed lips of Nabi Muhammad (peace be upon him) in the books of Hadith, we will unfortunately come up very short. The current institution of Taraaweeh was originally known as 'Qiyaamul Layl' (to stand in prayer at night).

Where did the word Taraaweeh originate from?

The word 'taraaweeh' is the plural form derived from the word 'tarweehah', which literally translates as a 'break, interval, pause' etc. Since the Taraaweeh prayer consisted of 'breaks' or short 'Tarweehah' in-between Rakaats, it came to be known as Salaatut Taraaweeh. The Taraaweeh salaah is Sunnat-e-Muakkadah and this is the consensus of the Jurists in Islam.

Did the Prophet (peace be upon him) read the Taraaweeh in congregation?

Narrated by 'Urwa: That he was informed by 'Aisha, "Allah's Apostle went out in the middle of the night and prayed in the mosque and some men prayed behind him. In the morning, the people spoke about it and then a large number of them gathered and prayed behind him (on the second night). In the next morning the people again talked about it and on the third night the mosque was full with a large number of people. Allah's Apostle came out and the people prayed behind him. On the fourth night the Mosque was overwhelmed with people and could not accommodate them, but the Prophet came out (only) for the Morning Prayer. When the morning prayer was finished he recited Tashah-hud and (addressing the people) said, "Amma ba'du, your presence was not hidden from me but I was afraid lest the night prayer (Qiyam) should be enjoined on you and you might not be able to carry it on." So, Allah's Apostle died and the situation remained like that (i.e. people prayed individually). "

(Sahih Bukhari, Chapter on the Night Prayer in Ramadhaan)

The above hadith incontrovertibly explains that the Beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) did lead the companions in the night prayer in the month of Ramadhaan.

How many Rakaats did the Prophet ﷺ(sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) read?

There are numerous ahaadeeth which explain various opinions in relation to the number of rakaats read in the night prayer of the Prophet ﷺ (peace be upon him) There are two conflicting viewpoints which have now taken center stage:

1. Taraaweeh is 20 Rakaats as this has been the teaching for approximately 1420 years.

2. Taraaweeh was read as 8 Rakaats. This means that 20 Rakaats is a bid'ah.

Since the latter view is a more recent one, we will commence by analyzing its origin so that the reader may be able to fully grasp the subject.

View One: Taraaweeh as 8 Rakaats - True? or Falsified?

Those who aggressively market this opinion have forwarded two proofs from the books of hadith.

Proof 1 : The first proof (recorded in the Musnad Abu Ya'la & Tabraani) explains that the Prophet ﷺ (peace be upon him) recited in the month of Ramadhaan 11 rakaats (8 + 3 witr) at night.

Rebuttal : When we analyze the sanad (chain) of the above proof, we conclude that one of the narrators in this chain is Isa bin Jaariyah. The scholars who were masters in the subject of Rijaal such as Yahya bin Maeen have classified him as a weak narrator. Great muhaddithoon such as Imaam Nasai (Rahimahollah) have classified him as Matrook. Meaning that if they found him in the chain, they would abandon that narrative. On this basis, the above narration is weak.

Proof 2 : Taraaweeh is 8 Rakaats as this is evident in the most authentic book of hadith, Sahih Bukhari:

Narrated by Abu Salma bin 'Abdur Rahman: I asked 'Aisha, "How is the prayer of Allah's Prophet during the month of Ramadan." She said, "Allah's Prophet never exceeded eleven Rakat in Ramadan or in other months; he used to offer four Rakat-- do not ask me about their beauty and length, then four Rakat, do not ask me about their beauty and length, and then three Rakat." Aisha further said, "I said, 'O Allah's Prophet! Do you sleep before offering the Witr prayer?' He replied, 'O 'Aisha! My eyes sleep but my heart remains awake'!" (Sahih Bukhari)

Since those who quote the above hadith, do so with a bit of a swagger, we must insist on presenting a preliminary observation which unveils the shallow minded viewpoint for what it is...calculated misinformation!

Preliminary observation

At least a century ago, a student of hadith could not take the narration he learned into the public domain, until he was educated on the various commands, the socio-historic background, wisdom, etc. regarding that particular narration. Fast forward to the modern age, and even a child has access to the Prophetic traditions at the click of a button. Whilst there is nothing wrong in providing access to the books of ahaadeeth, the detrimental effects of taking a hadith and practicing upon them without a solid grounding, will result in the exact same dilemma as we face now (the view of Taraaweeh being 8 rakaats).

We also see an increase in the number of people who walk around with their 'translated' copies of Sahih Bukhari due to their lack of understanding the Arabic language. This causes a huge portion of the hadith, its socio-historic background, and command in the shariah to become literally ‘Lost in Translation'. Furthermore, we find the view regarding 8 rakaats to be spreading among the youth like a house on fire. This is because; the perpetrators responsible for the arousal of this controversy know that the youth of the modern age are always looking for upgrades. They are constantly upgrading their vehicles, mobiles, and latest gadgetry. Now, all of a sudden, when it comes to their religion, they want to downgrade? They are conditioned to take the 'easy path' of 8 rakaats, in the face of a mountainous journey of 20 rakaats. Being youth, they choose that which is easy, whilst still allowing them to feel some sort of 'religious fulfillment' in reciting 8 rakaats, and also giving them the 'free time' to pursue idle causes. We do know very well that an idle mind is the devils’ playground.

Rebuttal 2:  When the above proof is presented to the layman, he is immediately faced with the following questions.

1. If Sahih Bukhari explains that the Taraaweeh of the Prophet ﷺ (peace be upon him) was 8 Rakaats, then why am I reading 20?

2. Why have our Ulama not told us this?

3. Have they intentionally hidden this information from us?

This is exactly the sort of designed responses that the people of mischief have planned.

The answer to this seemingly brilliant proof is actually quite a simple one. It lies within the words of Sayyidah Ayeshah (radhiyallahu anha). She stated:

'Allah's Prophet never exceeded eleven Rakat in Ramadan or in other months'

To the unsuspecting-shallow-minded-Muslim, the above statement is used to prove that the Prophet ﷺ (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) read 8 rakaats plus 3 witr. To the Islamically educated Muslim, the above statement is pivotal in disproving their stance. The fact that the Prophet ﷺ (peace be upon him) is described to have recited these 8 rakaats IN & OUT of Ramadhaan sparks us to inquire the following:

Does this mean that the Prophet ﷺ(peace be upon him)  read 'Taraaweeh' even out of Ramadhaan? If so, why are we only reciting it in Ramadhaan? Remember, we clearly explained that the original word was not Taraaweeh, but 'Qiyaamul Layal' (to stand in prayer at night). So? Is there any such prayer which the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam)ﷺ recited at night, both in and out of Ramadhaan? Yes! It is known as Tahajjud.

It is by no means a coincidence that above 'so-called' proof for 8 Rakaats Taraaweeh, is in fact NOT ABOUT TARAAWEEH AT ALL! It is about Salaatut Tahajjud.

Further proof which strengthens this stance is the undeniable fact that Imaam Bukhari (rahimahollah) himself placed the above quoted hadith in the chapter on Tahajjud.

We would further like to inquire from these people who make such claims to answer the following questions for us:

'If you are so adamant that this hadith is proof of 8 rakaats Taraaweeh, and not Tahajjud, are you also reciting these 8 rakaats in the other 11 months like the Prophet ﷺ(? If not, then why are you only practicing upon the numerical aspect only? Is this not in a way, a form of misguidance by your own standard?

Furthermore, Imaam Bukhari (rahimahollah) was a muqallid (adherer) to the Muzh-hub of Imaam Shaafa'e (rahimahollah). In the Shaafa'ee Mazh-hub, Taraaweeh remains to this day as 20 Rakaats. Our next question to these people is, "Don't you think that the man who collected this hadith (Imaam Bukhari) would have understood it better? Hence his placing of it in the subject of Tahajjud? If not, are you now saying that you possess a far superior understanding of this hadith, than the compiler himself?

Point of Interest: Based on the above hadith, they conclude that the current format of Taraaweeh is a Bid'ah (innovation). One of the first people to have made this unscholarly statement was a person known as Al-Hilli (1250-1325CE). He argued in his book 'Minhaajul Kaaraamah' that Taraaweeh was a Bid'ah. For those who are unaware, Al-Hilli was a very high ranking Shia scholar. As for those who understand the viewpoint of the Shias, suffice to say that this statement was just to throw dust in in the direction of Ameerul Mu'mineen, Sayyidona Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) who established the current format of 20 Rakaats Taraaweeh.

Proof for 20 Rakaats Taraaweeh

We have thus far established that the Noble Messenger (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) did offer the Taraaweeh Salaah in the month of Ramadhaan. He (sallallahu alayhi was sallam) sometimes prayed individually and other times in Jama’ah (congregation). There are numerous narrations which prove that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) did offer 20 Rakaats of Salaatut Taraaweeh.

Hadhrath Abdullah Ibn Abbas (radhiyallahu anhuma) states:

“During the month of Ramadhan, aside from the praying of wit’r the Beloved Prophet (Sallallahu alayhi wa Sallam) would pray 20 rak’aats of Taraaweeh.”

Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybha - Hadith 7692

Imaam Bayhaqi - Sunan al-Kubra, Hadith 4391

Allaamah Ibn Hajr Asqalani - Fathu-hul Bari, Hadith 1908

Imaam Zhahabi - Meezaanul I’tidaal.

(hadith numbers will vary depending on publication)

The narrator, Hadhrath Abdullah ibn Abbas (radhiyallahu anhuma) is recognized as one of the foremost authorities on Islamic matters. So there is no discrepancy in relation to the sanad (chain) of the above mentioned narration. It is from here that the basis of the current format of Taraaweeh is established as 20 Rakaats. It also rubbishes the clichéd statement that Taraaweeh in the 20 Rakaat format is a Bid’ah (innovation). It is not an innovation, but a practice of the Noble Messenger (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam).

Taraaweeh in the era of the Khulafaah (radhiyallahu anhum ajma’een)

After the greatest calamity on the earth (the demise of the Noble Prophet peace be upon him), the Ummah was faced with many problems. The first Caliph, Sayyidona Abu Bakr As-Siddique (radhiyallahu ahnu) faced numerous problems. Many became Murtads (Apostates). Though his reign as Caliph was a short lived one, he focused his energy on the ‘bigger picture’, which was to bring these apostates to justice. In this era, Taraaweeh remaind as it was practiced during the lifetime of the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam). It was only during the reign of Sayyidona Umar (Radhiyallah anhu) that the current format of Taraawaeeh was instated.

“Narrated by Hadhrath Abu Hurayrah (Radhiyallahu anhu): Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) said, "Whoever prayed at night the whole month of Ramadan out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven." Ibn Shihab (a sub-narrator) said, "Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) passed away and the people continued observing that (individually, not in congregation), and it remained as it was during the Caliphate of Abu Bakr and in the early days of 'Umar's Caliphate." 'Abdur Rahman bin 'Abdul Qari said, "I went out in the company of 'Umar bin Al-Khattab one night in Ramadan to the mosque and found the people praying in different groups. A man praying alone or a man praying with a little group behind him. So, 'Umar said, 'In my opinion I would better collect these (people) under the leadership of one Qari (Reciter) (i.e. let them pray in congregation!)'. So, he made up his mind to congregate them behind Ubay bin Ka'b. Then on another night I went again in his company and the people were praying behind their reciter. On that, 'Umar remarked, 'What an excellent Bid'ah (i.e. innovation in religion) this is; but the prayer which they do not perform, but sleep at its time is better than the one they are offering.' He meant the prayer in the last part of the night. (In those days) people used to pray in the early part of the night."  (Sahih Bukhari, Book of Salaatut Taraaweeh).

A few aspects emerge from the above mentioned narration.

The companions were reciting Taraaweeh. Some individually, and others in congregation

Sayyidona Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) felt that it was in his opinion better for the companions to be in unified on the matter of Taraaweeh as opposed to being divided. (somthing that the preachers of 8 rakaats seem hell-bent on achieving)

A Bid’ah is not necessarily a one-sided affair. Sayyidona Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) displayed to the Ummah that if a practice is instated for the benefit of the Muslims, it may be regarded as a good innovation. This is also the view of Allaamah Ibn Hajr Asqalani (rahimahollah) under the commentary of the above hadith in his masterpiece, Fath-hul-Baari.

Ibn Hajr further explains that the view of Sayyidona Umar (radhiyallhu anhu) was accepted by the jumhoor (overwhelming majority) of the companions. This means that some of the greatest companions who were still alive at the time did not oppose the establishment of Taraaweeh in congregation for the Ummah at large by Ameerul Mu’mineen Sayyidoan Umar (radhiyallahu anhu). For the newly  sprung mushroom type ideologies to now declare that the current format of Taraaweeh is incorrect, and a Bid’ah (innovation), is basically to state that the giants of that era were Bid’atees (innovators). (Ma'aazhallah)

The reason why none of the giants among the sahaabas never objected, is because they were most likely also aware of the following hadith recorded in the Mustadhrak of Imaam Haakim who graded it sahih: The Prophet (peace be upon him said),

“…take hold of my Sunnah, and the Sunnah of the righteously guided Caliphs...”

It must be noteDd that the hadith does not clarify the amount of rakaats that were established in during that era, though the evidence is highly in favor of the 20 Rakaats.

Hadrat Sa’ib ibn Yazid (radhiyallahu anhu) has stated that,

“We, (the Companions of the Beloved Prophet peace be upon him) used to pray twenty rakaats Taraaweeh prayer in the era of the Caliph ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab.” (Sunan al-Bayhaqi)

Hadrat Yazid ibn Ruman (radhiyallahu anhu) reports that,

“...during the time of Hadhrat ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab, people used to pray 23 Rak’ahs during Ramadhan (20 rak’ahs for Taraaweeh prayer and 3 rak’ats for witr.)” (Muwatta Imam Malik)

Imam Badr al-Din Aini (rahimahollah) states in his renowned commentary on Sahih Bukhari entitled, “Umdat al-Qari”:

‘Allama ibn ‘Abd al-Barr has states that it is the ruling of the majority of the scholars that taraaweeh is twenty Rakaats. The scholars and jurists of Kufa, Imam Ash-Shaafa’i and the majority of the Fuqaha (Jurists) have stated this, and this is the sound opinion as transmitted from Hadhrat Ubayy ibn Ka’b that no companion had a difference of opinion in it. (‘Umdatul Qari)

Imam Tirmidhi states: The majority of the scholars practice which has been transmitted from Hadrat ‘Umar Faruq, Hadrat ‘Ali and the other companions that Taraaweeh is twenty rakaats. Imam Sufiyan al-Thawri, Imam ‘Abdullah ibn Mubarak and Imam aAsh-Shafa’i have stated the same (that Taraaweeh is twenty rakaats). Imam Shafa’i has stated that we have found the residents of our city Makkatul Mukarramah performing twenty rakaats for the Tarawih prayer. (Tirmidhi – Chapter on worshipping the nights of Ramadhan )

"Umar was the first to set the example of the night prayer of Ramadhaan, the Taraaweeh, and gathered people for it, and instructed dfferent regions (of the Muslim empire) regarding it. this was during the month of Ramadhaan of the year 14 Hijri. He appointed for the people, reciters of the Qur'an who led the Taraaweeh prayer for men and women."

(Tabqaat ibn Sa'd, Taareekhul Khulafa by Imaam Jalaaluddin Suyuti, Umdatul Qari by Allaamah Badruddin Ayni rahimahomollah)

The Taraaweeh remained in the format instated by Sayyidona Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) throughout the Khilaafah of Sayyidona Uthmaan and Sayyidona Ali (radhiyallahu anhuma) & the generations to follow. It has only been in recent history that a minority of misguided people whose aim to cause confusion and dispute among the Ummah, have begun to preach a different method.

Conclusion: The above controversy which continues to cause havoc amongst Muslims is the result of taking a hadith in isolation. People are now preaching that we should abandon the four schools of fiqh (Hanafi, Shaafaee, Maaliki, Humbali) because we are told to follow the Qur’an and Sunnah. This is yet again, calculated misinformation to cause the Ummah to become divided. The four schools of Fiqh have based their rulings primarily on the Qur’an and Sunnah. For us to now leave their rulings and compose our own, is to say that we have a better understanding of the Qur’an and Sunnah than them! It is evident that even these misguided people don’t know the difference between Tahajjud and Taraaweeh, and they believe that they are superior to our predecessors who were luminaries that brightened the horizons of guidance for the future generations. Muslims should hold steadfast to the Four Schools of Fiqh as leaving the majority is the first step toward misguidance.

 Shaykh Faheem

Media & Education Depts.

Islamic Lifestyle Solutions


Sayyiduna Muhammad Rasulullah's (SAW) sermon on Ramadan

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Watch This!


Al-Imam Al-Baihaqi (RA) reported on the authority of Salman Al-Farsi (Radhi Allah ‘Anh) that Prophet (Sallallaahu Alaihi

Wasalaam) delivered a sermon on the last day of the month of Sha’ban. In it he (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasalaam) said, “O

People! The month of Allah (Ramadaan) has come with its mercies, blessings and forgiveness.

Allah has decreed this month the best of all months. The days of this month are the best among the days and the

nights are the best among the nights and the hours during Ramadan are the best among the hours. This is a month in

which you have been invited by Him (to fast and pray). Allah has honoured you in it. In every breath you take is a

reward of Allah, your sleep is worship, your good deeds are accepted and your invocations are answered.


Therefore, you must invoke your Lord in all earnestness with hearts free from sin and evil, and pray that Allah may help

you to keep fast, and to recite the Holy Qur’an. Indeed!, miserable is the o­ne who is deprived of Allah’s forgiveness in

this great month. While fasting remember the hunger and thirst o­n the Day of Judgement. Give alms to the poor and

needy. Pay respect to your elders, have sympathy for your youngsters and be kind towards your relatives and kinsmen.


Guard your tongue against unworthy words, and your eyes from scenes that are not worth seeing (forbidden) and your

ears from sounds that should not be heard.


Be kind to orphans so that if your children may become orphans they will also be treated with kindness. Do repent to

Allah for your sins and supplicate with raised hands at the times of prayer as these are the best times, during which

Allah Almighty looks at His servants with mercy. Allah Answers if they supplicate, Responds if they call, Grants if He is

asked, and Accepts if they entreat. O people! you have made your conscience the slave of your desires.


Make it free by invoking Allah for forgiveness. Your back may break from the heavy load of your sins, so prostrate yourself before Allah for long intervals, and make this load lighter. Understand fully that Allah has promised in His Honour and Majesty that, people who perform salat and sajda (prostration) will be guarded from Hell-fire o­n the Day of Judgement.


O people!, if anyone amongst you arranges for iftar (meal at sunset) for any believer, Allah will reward him as if he had freed a slave, and Allah will forgive him his sins. A companion asked: “but not all of us have the means to do so” The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wasalaam) replied: Keep yourself away from Hell-fire though it may consist of half a date or even some water if you have nothing else.


O people!, anyone who during this month cultivates good manners, will walk over the Sirat (bridge to Paradise) o­n the day when feet will tend to slip. For anyone who during this month eases the workload of his servants, Allah will make easy his accounting, and for anyone who doesn’t hurt others during this month, Allah will safeguard him from His Wrath o­n the Day of Judgement. Anyone who respects and treats an orphan with kindness during this month, Allah shall look at him with kindness o­n that Day. Anyone who treats his kinsmen well during this month, Allah will bestow His Mercy o­n him o­n that Day, while anyone who mistreats his kinsmen during this month, Allah will keep away from His Mercy.


Whomsoever offers the recommended prayers during this month, Allah will save him from Hell, and whomever observes his obligations during this month, his reward will be seventy times the reward during other months. Whomever repeatedly invokes Allah’s blessings o­n me, Allah will keep his scale of good deeds heavy, while the scales of others will be tending to lightness. Whomever recites during this month an ayat (verse) of the Holy Qur’an, will get the reward of reciting the whole Qur’an in other months.


O people!, the gates of Paradise remain open during this month. Pray to your Lord that they may not be closed for you. While the gates of Hell are closed, pray to your Lord that they never open for you. Satan has been chained, invoke your Lord not to let him dominate you.”


Ali ibn Talib (Radhi Allah ‘Anh) said: “I asked, ‘O messenger of Allah, what are the best deeds during this month’?” ‘He replied: ‘O Abu Al-Hasan, the best of deeds during this month is to be far from what Allah has forbidden’.”